Suppose you’re eating your favorite vegetable in cold weather with a chill and fresh mode. But have you ever thought about where they are coming even in the cold weather as they only can grow in warm areas? The answer is simple. They are getting produced in a hoop house. In this topic, we will briefly know about what the hoop house is and how to build a large hoop house.
How to Build a Large Hoop House
A hoop house can be called an alternative or a part of the greenhouse. Almost everyone has a piece of good knowledge and idea about the greenhouse that gets used as a storing house where various types of plants get to grow up with proper facilities and demanded condition.
A hoop house is an almost similar thing to a greenhouse. But the difference is, it contains enough lower cost and requirements rather than the greenhouse. Besides, it also has a short periodic growing process where the greenhouse gets used for producing different types of crops year round.
Talking about the structure, the hoop house comes in a semi circular and square shape. Most of them are made from either stainless steel or aluminum and the total area gets covered by transparent type polyethylene or stretchy plastic.
So why the hoop house get used?
Not all types of crops and vegetables can be produced for every season. There is a lot of different type of vegetables and crops that require a proper area along with timing. Some are enough sensitive for growing in the cold area and even in the rainy seasons. As they have enough demands and requirements among the consumers, a hoop house gets used for fulfilling the requirements.
On the other hand, some of the exclusive dealers grow seasonal vegetables and crops at their open areas by using the hoop house at any time to avoid cold surfaces and areas that can make damages to the crops.
The building process
As some of the facts and identification about a hoop house have been given above and more to come, it is high time to know about the making procedure that is the main attraction of this topic.
Having some different stages, the hoops house comes with a great building up process that has been perfectly described downward.
Essential terms to observe before the making
Before the hoop house gets started for building, some points must have to follow which depends on the requirements.
As a hoop house can be build up in different categories with features, choosing the best one is completely dependent on the user. It can be build up with an additional ventilation system, electricity feature, advanced growing up setups and so other things.
Besides, observing the situation of the area is also very important. That is because; all the areas are not the same as each other. Some of the areas contain enough windy or snowing conditions which can become a threat for the low constructed hoop house.
On the other hand, some areas also have low ground clearances. As a result, the hoop house has to build with enough length. So going for the building up procedure, all these terms are must have to follow according to the necessity.
Choosing the land and preparing
The very first step that has to follow for the building is, choosing the land. If the land is not enough perfect for placing the hoop house, there is no chance of having desired crops or vegetables for sure.
An area with a good ventilation system, proper soil condition, and a moderate level of wind flow can be perfect for seeding the plants. Make sure that the chosen area can have the proper access to sunlight. If there is no protection for the hoop house, make sure to add for avoiding any kind of natural activity or destructions.
Setting up the dimension and positioning
When the proper area gets chosen to build up, it is time for measuring the sizing and positioning of the hoop house. Keep remembering that, a simple positioning mistake can become a reason for having low graded products.
Sunlight can create proper crops and products for sure, but having overheating the crops and vegetables can also create an issue for producing the perfect type of plants and items.
That is why check the temperature of the sunlight and the wind flow and the proper flowing direction and make sure to place accurately. The majority of the hoop house builder specialists recommend placing the hoop house either in the north-south or the east-west direction.
Selection of the material
The important part and term for making the hoop house come now. Selecting the material with proper awareness is very much important for the hoop house. Because, all the plants have to seed inside of it to avoid direct sunlight problems, insect infecting issues, and the default weather condition.
As we are describing all the processes according to a medium sized hoop house of 4 feet, the essential items are:
- PVC pipes for making the bed with the length of 8 feet
- Transparent stretchy polyethylene
- Steel made poles with the size of 4 feet
- Sheets made from rubber for the lower area and covering
It is time for installing the hoop house after selecting all the materials. Starting from the main base, place the PVC pipe into the soil to make a U shaped formation.
Use a digger or a spade and make a deep hole into the soil where the ending areas of the PVC pipe will be placed. After placing them, cover up properly with soil and place some bricks or stones at the side areas if possible. This will help to let the hoop house stay sturdy and fixed even in windy situations.
PVC pipes can get at a lower cost, but they are not enough flexible and strong for all weather. Therefore, steel made pipes can be used as an alternative to the PVC.
After that, time to cover up the structure by using polyethylene. A thing that has to keep in mind that, the polyethylene must have to contain enough durability and stretchy feature so that it can be placed accurately onto the PVC made mainframe. Put the polyethylene accurately into the frame from every angle and measure equal height and size.
Keeping the polyethylene in a stretchy pattern may not become useful because it may get torn if there is a strong wind or any kind of heavy snowing. That is why; make sure to place a free sized covering so that the sunlight can also have easy access.
Measuring the fitment is very much important for having better plants and seeds. That is why; place the plastic with a moderate tightness into the hoop house so that it can create better fittings.
The final term that comes for the hoop house is, closing the ends. It is as important as the total building process. Having a low graded ending closure can surely become the reason for having bad plants and crops. Therefore, make a perfect fitting and cover by each of the ending areas.
After all the setups, close up the polyethylene by folding up the rest of the part and place it into the ground. Use some heavy types of objects to let them stay in the ground such as bricks, stones, etc. make sure that, the heavy objects can be removed easily for watering or applying the fertilizer into the plants.
As all the terms have been completed perfectly, the hoop house is ready to use. All these processes are suitable for having a hoop house with a medium size starting from 4 feet to a maximum of 7 feet.
Now we will know the terms and factors which require having a bigger sized and shaped hoop house.
Large sized hoop house
Making a bigger sized hoop house with a minimum size of 10 feet to a maximum of 20 feet in height and 20-30 feet in length is not as difficult as we think. All the following terms and items from above get used as the major items for this project.
But there are some additional items needed along with more times and expenses. Starting from the first, the mainframe that is needed for the bigger sized hoop house has to make from either wood or steel made poles. They have to connect by using nails or welding.
Next, the steel made poles have to place into the ground with a deep hole inside so that they can avoid the tendency of falling or breaking. If they don’t seem enough strong after placing into the ground, use heavy objects or add more soils at the corners and make them flexible.
Just like the height and the length, polyethylene also requires a great quantity. Apply the polyethylene at the total construction for both the upper side and side areas so that there is no chance of having winding or water drainage inside of the house through it.
When the polyethylene seems properly fitted with the mainframe, place the ending areas into the ground or fix them up with the poles by using the stapling machine or the nails.
Having a water drainage system is very much important in the hoop house. That is why use water pipes and the lines inside of the house and make individual lines for each of the plant beds.
For having easy access inside of the house, the best method that can be used is, having windows and doors into the hoop house. For this operation, make a proper area into the polyethylene and at any sideline of the hoop house for the window. Join them up with a wooden frame or steel pole frame so that they can have an extra layer of either the polyethylene or a carbon fiber made shell.
This will help to let the user's easy access into the hoop house for observing the maintaining the plants and crops.
Factors that can damage the hoop house
Building the hoop house doesn’t mean there are no risks or issues of having problems with the crops and plants. Having growing problems for the plant and crops will remain the same if some of the steps don’t follow sincerely. A few of the major ones are noted down:
Low quality covering: The very first problem that comes with the crops and plants is the lower quality level of cover. Using polyethylene made covering as the main part of the hoop house is both essential and sensitive. From direct sunlight problems to windy areas and snowfall, any one of these problems can become the reason for breaking or tearing off the cover if it is not enough stretchy or durable.
For avoiding this serious issue, it is good to go for a proper durable and stretchy polyethylene so that the default weather conditions can’t take any chance.
Gapping issues: Not only for avoiding the windy areas, snowfalls, or heavy rains, hoop house but also get used for keeping the plants and the crops safe from insect attacking issues. As some of the insects become enough dangerous for them, having no gaps or free areas between the cover and the soil is very much important.
While installing the total setup, keep in mind that there should be no gaps or space remains from where the insects can make harm the plants, crops, and vegetables. As it can be the main reason for having damages to the plants and crops, the hoop house will be of no use for later.
Defect electricity lines: Using electricity lines into the hoop house for the crops and plants is a common issue. For some of the cold areas, the electric lights and the heaters work as lifesaving material for the plants and crops. But the electricity may become a reason for damaging the entire hoop house.
Getting a critical weather condition for the hoop house is mandatory. Sometimes, the weather even can affect a great impact that the hoop house has to overcome. But if there is a problem with the electricity line, it will become even worse and can turn into a great disaster for the hoop house.
Measuring the total connection line with the wiring and attaching area should have to consider for avoiding serious electrical problems. Besides, with the other build after maintenance factors, it should also have to place into the listing.
From beginning to end, all the essential and related terms for making a perfect hoop house have been clearly described above. From these entire topics, it is clear that the building procedure for a hoop house is enough easy and effective until there are no major problems from weather or any other factors. But still, all of those problems and factors can be solved if the building process gets observed and maintained with great responsibility. Having a great headache about how to build a large hoop house for some of the innovative crop producers will be reduced after following this helpful topic for sure.